Wells, Ida B. Wells-Barnett at Project Gutenberg. Wells worked tirelessly to fight against lynching in the American South through newspapers, pamphlets, and speeches. Citizen U Multidisciplinary Civics Lessons, Guided Primary Source Analysis Activities, A Red Record: Lynchings in the United States 1892, 1893, 1894, To the members of the Anti-Lynching Bureau, Topics in Chronicling America: Ida B. Wells. Guide to the Ida B. Click the title for location and availability information. Illinois Women Feature Parade. MEMPHIS, Tenn. — Plans are moving full steam ahead for a new statue on Beale Street honoring renowned journalist and civil rights pioneer Ida B. Ed. Log In. She was dismissed, in 1891, for her outspoken criticism of segregated schools. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. 1900. Wells was enslaved from her birth on July 16, 1862, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Wells, but mainly focuses on the progress of Jessie Daniel Ames and The Association of Southern Women for the Prevention of Lynching. Wells historical newspaper coverage, A resolution honoring Ida B. A selection of books/e-books available in Trible Library. She did much to expose the epidemic of lynching in the United States and her writing and research exploded many of the justifications—particularly the rape of white women by black men—commonly offered to justify the practice. This is an essay written by Ida B. Wells-Barnett in 1900. Wells and Anti-Lynching Activism via University of North Carolina, First-Person Narratives of the American South via Duke University, oral histories at Behind the Veil: Documenting African American Life in the Jim Crow South Ida Bell Wells was born a slave in 1862 in the small city of Holly Springs, Mississippi. tion for Ida B. Wells’s life work as a teacher, journalist, anti-lynch - ing activist, community organizer, and woman suffragist. Wells Papers (Univ. Wells (1862-1931) was an educator and journalist who began her civil rights activism in response to racist incidents she experienced in Memphis, Tennessee. Click the arrows next to each theme to reveal the individual resource sets. Love, D.D. Wells - Illinois during the Guilded Age. Useful for quotes as well as an image. Primary Sources: People - African-Americans, Ida B. Menu. Wells-Barnett penned this petition to President William McKinley to urge punishment of those responsible for shooting." In 1883, Ida B. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. indicate an endorsement by the Library of Congress. 1892. A selection of books/e-books available in Trible Library. Wells, Lynch law in Georgia by Ida B. Wells-Barnett June 20, 1899 pamphlet, To the members of the Anti-Lynching Bureau Ida B. Wells-Barnett, chairman, Ida B. Crusade for Justice: The Autobiography of Ida B. The papers have been divided into nineteen series that range from originals and transcripts of Crusade for Justice, biographical information, diaries, and writings and clippings to files on her lawsuit against the Chesapeake, Ohio & Southwestern Railroad, the Ida B. As a consequence their vote is entirely nullified throughout the entire South. This collection uses primary sources to explore Ida B. She was the eldest of eight children. Her dismissal from the Memphi… Editorials in the daily papers of that date caused a meeting to be held in the Cotton Exchange Building; a committee was sent for the editors of the Free Speech an Afro-American journal published in “The facts have been so distorted that the people in the north and elsewhere do not realize the extent of the lynchings in south,” stated Ida B. While a number of African American intellectuals divided their publications … Wells. Wells-Barnett, Ida B. Ida B. Wells-Barnett (1862–1931)—fiery journalist, women’s rights activist, and civil rights militant—is best known for her anti-lynching crusade. Through the accounts of two major Georgia newspapers and her own commentary, Wells-Barnett shed light on the lynchings of 12 African Americans over a six-week period. Wells was born in rural Mississippi in the midst of the Civil War. The amount of material in the collection is rather small due to two house fires (1915 and 1923) that destroyed virtually all of her personal and professional papers. Following the end of the Civil War , her father, who as an enslaved person had been the carpenter on a plantation, was active in Reconstruction period politics in Mississippi. Primary Source Spotlight: Ida B. Wells in June of 1895. Ida B. Wells-Barnett traveled to Washington, D.C. with the Illinois delegation and fully expected to march with them. Wells Excerpt, Primary Source, African American Christianity, Pt. Ida B. Wells-Barnett 2014a (cited under Pamphlets), edited by scholar Mia Bay, is now the standard collection of Wells-Barnett’s writings across several genres, including pamphlets, newspaper articles, and editorial work. Ida B. In 1883, she moved to Memphis where her “love of liberty and self-sufficiency” founded her efforts in challenging systemic racism and institutional injustices suffered by Afro-Americans. Primary Sources (1) Ida Wells was one of the leaders of the fight against Jim Crowlaws and wrote about this in her autobiography, Crusade for Justice(1928) In the ten years succeeded the Civil War thousands of Negroes were murdered for the crime of casting a ballot. 1895. and Mob rule in New Orleans. Some time between 1882 and 1883 Wells moved to Memphis, Tennessee, to teach in city schools. Mills W. Shepherd letter and newspaper clippings related to lynching October 31, 1894. Wells for her activism in the civil rights and women’s rights movements and for her influential and inspirational leadership. In short, primary sources serve as the raw material to interpret the past, and when they are used along with previous interpretations by historians, they provide the resources necessary for historical research. A sermon on lynch law and raping preached by Rev. View a short video about her work to guarantee access to the vote. Ida B. Wells: Crusader for Justice Annotated Bibliography Primary Sources Wells-Barnett, Ida B., and Alfreda Duster. Wells said lynching was caused by a contempt for law and by race prejudice. On Lynchings. Off campus access instructions (for e-books) Crusade for Justice; The Autobiography of Ida B. Crusade for Justice: The Autobiography of Ida B. document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "abfd7f9a51634df9569021ae4d565bb0" );document.getElementById("c2406eab0d").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Notify me of follow-up comments by email. II: From the Civil War to the Great Migration, 1865-1920, The Nineteenth Century, Divining America: Religion in American … 2. Digital Public Library of America Primary Source Sets are designed to help students develop their critical thinking skills and draw diverse material from libraries, archives, and museums across the United States. Click the title for location and availability information. As the leader of the national anti-lynching movement, Wells-Barnett joined a group of Illinois congressmen who visited the White House in March, 1898, to protest the murder of the newly-appointed Lake City, South Carolina Postmaster Baker, who was black. Content created and featured in partnership with the TPS program does not As a young adult, Wells moved to Memphis, Tennessee, where she became a teacher and soon took a stand against Jim Crow segregation. Ida B. Alpha Suffrage Club. The Broad Axe [Chicago], p. 1. 3. Ida B. Wells-Barnett published "Lynch Law in Georgia" o n June 20, 1899, to raise public awareness about white racism and violence in the South, particularly with the act of lynching. Ida B. As the group was lining up to begin the procession, the white suffrage leaders suddenly asked Wells-Barnett not to march with her fellow suffragists from Illinois and instead assume a place in the back of the procession. Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate. Also search by subject for specific people and events, then scan the titles for those keywords or others such as memoirs, autobiography, report, or personal narratives. A Red Record: Lynchings in the United States 1892, 1893, 1894 Ida B. an interactive curriculum enrichment service designed to help teachers of American history bring their students to a greater understanding of the role religion has played in the development of the United States. Wells, an anti-lynching activist in the United States, was born the eldest of eight children to slave parents. Ed. After emancipation, her father became active in the Republican Party, the party of Lincoln, during the Reconstruction period in When she refused, she was removed from the train and sued the railroad company in 1884. via Digital Public Library of America, primary sources for Ida B. Wells, Ida B Contributor Names Wells-Barnett, Ida B., 1862-1931 Created / Published ... For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources. PRIMARY SOURCE “Lynching and the Excuse for It” 1. Author: Latoya Farrell. Northern Illinois University's Digital archives provide access to some of Wells' writings as well as other information. Useful for quotes as well as an image. Cite This Item. Ida B. Wells worked tirelessly to fight against lynching in the American South through newspapers, pamphlets, and speeches. Combine these these terms with the event or person you are researching. Our flexible, affordable, entirely digital readers help you focus your classroom on primary sources. In 1889, Wells became co-owner and editor of The Free Speech and Headlight newspaper, which she used to speak out against racial injustice. G.B. Wells, newspaper articles related to Ida B. She mobilized public opinion against lynching through her newspaper editorials, pamphlets, clubs, and lecture tours in the northern United States and Great Britain. These are the canonical works of Ida B. Wells-Barnett that have received the most scholarly attention. Primary Source: Ida B. Wells-Barnett, “Lynch Law in America” (1900) Ida B. Wells-Barnett, born a slave in Mississippi, was a pioneering activist and journalist. "The Ida B. Why is … According to Wells, 2,000 men, women, and children were lynched from 1885 to 1900. Ida B. Wells-Barnett, "Lynch Law in America" (1900) After slavery was abolished, lynching was used as a tool by white Americans to retain racial control, especially in the South. In 1881, she… It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. From the Library of Congress: “The facts have been so distorted that the people in the north and elsewhere do not realize the extent of the lynchings in south,” stated Ida B. She was the eldest of eight children. Wells, Ida B. Primary Sources Wells-Barnett, Ida B., and Alfreda Duster. Wells is an African American civil rights advocate, journalist, and feminist. Call Number: E185.97.B26 A3 C9. Some students may believe that Wells risked her life because as an African-American woman she felt a moral duty to fight against Wells.. Wells … Ida B. Wells was an African American journalist, abolitionist and feminist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the United States in the 1890s. A red record. This page briefly mentions the involvement of Ida B. Wells-Barnett, Ida B. Wells. E.K. Wells in June of 1895. Ida B. Ida Bell Wells-Barnett, editor and anti-lynching activist, was born in Holly Springs, Mississippi, on July 16, 1862. Wells began writing her autobiography, Crusade for Justice (1928), but never finished the book; it would be posthumously published, edited by her daughter Alfreda Barnett Duster, in 1970, as Crusade for Justice: The Autobiography of Ida B. The conductor asked Wells to move to a different car because of her race. Wells. Wells and the Activism of Investigative Journalism, Women’s Rights Activist Ida B. Wells-Barnett, Primary Source Spotlight: Black Women’s Clubs. Wells Papers consists of six linear feet of original manuscripts, correspondence, newspaper and journal articles written and compiled by Ida B. Wells-Barnett. Ida B. A Red Record: Lynchings in the United States 1892, 1893, 1894 by Ida B. Following the death of both her parents of yellow fever in 1878, Ida, at age 16, began teaching in a one-room schoolhouse in rural Mississippi. She was the oldest daughter of James and Lizzie Wells. Wells Woman’s Club, and secondary materials and photographs. (1913, March 4). Primary Sources. 1895: Publishes A Red Record, a detailed account of lynching … Wells attended Rust College in Holly Springs until 1878, when a yellow fever epidemic killed her parents and one of her six siblings. ". Wells by Ida B. Wells-Barnett. On Lynchings. "The rising tide of lynchings of African Americans across the South launched a national anti-lynching crusade, led by Memphis, Tennessee, newspaper editor Ida Wells-Barnett, an outspoken advocate for the area’s African-American citizens. Determined to keep her family together, Wells began teaching in surrounding areas. Wells. 1893-1894: Travels to Europe, speaking about lynching in the American South. Ida B. Suggested terms to look for include - diary, diaries, letters, papers, documents, documentary or correspondence. Ida B. Wells-Barnett Southern Horrors 4 THE OFFENSE Wednesday evening May 24, 1892, the city of Memphis was filled with excitement. Jim Crow. Born into slavery in Mississippi, Wells had moved to Memphis in 1883 to further her teaching career, working to support herself and her siblings after her parents died in a… While not all white Americans participated, many did and many more supported the acts. Ida B. As a young adult, Wells moved to Memphis, Tennessee, where she became a teacher and soon took a stand against Jim Crow segregation. November 5th, 1893 published 1894. Chicago: U of Chicago, 1970. She is an American Hero. Patricia H. Collins. It explains how the Association's influence spread and the motivation and importance behind their focus on educating southern white women. March 8, 2016 by PSN Leave a Comment. Book Sources: Ida B. Wells was born in Holly Springs, Mississippi in 1862, six months before the Emancipation Proclamation granted freedom to her slave parents. Wells and anti-lynching activism. Includes: Southern horrors. Wells works for several newspapers, writing especially about racial discrimination and lynching in the South. Chicago: U of Chicago, 1970. Primary Sources: (1914, October 17). Wells was born enslaved in Holly Springs, Mississippi in 1862. A former school teacher, she is remembered for her work in both civil and women’s rights. (example: civil war diary). At Milestone Documents, we believe that engaging with history’s original voices is exciting for students and liberating for instructors. Ida B. Wells: The Red Record (1895) ... Primary Source Readers. GMU History Matters. Ida B. Wells-Barnett, "A Red Record" Here's an essay written by Ida B. Wells-Barnett in 1895. Wells traveled by train from Memphis to Woodstock, Tennessee, where she was working as a teacher. Wells. Jim Crow primary sources and historical documents for Jim Crow. Print This book provided me with information about Wells and her writing. Wells was born in rural Mississippi in the midst of the Civil War. Print This book provided me with information about Wells and her writing. Crusade for Justice; The Autobiography of Ida B. Several newspapers, pamphlets, and civil rights militant—is best known for her criticism! Holly Springs, Mississippi in 1862 in the civil War... primary Readers. 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